For whom was the ship, on which the man who served as governor for 12 of the Massachusetts Bay Colony’s first 20 years sailed to the New World, named ?
Lady Arabella Johnson
The Arbella, or the Arabella, was the flagship of the Winthrop fleet that traveled from England to the Massachusetts Bay Colony (MBC) in the New World from April 8th – June 12th, 1630. The future colonists arrived in Salem, MA, carrying the Charter of the MBC. The ship is famous because of its renowned passengers, including poet Anne Bradstreet and John Winthrop, the future governor of the colony. Winthrop gave his famous “City upon a Hill” speech on the deck of the Arabella. The ship was originally called the Eagle, but the name was changed to honor a member of the company, Lady Arabella Johnson, the daughter of Thomas Clinton, 3rd Earl of Lincoln.
John Winthrop (12 January 1587/88 – 26 March 1649) was an EnglishPuritan lawyer and one of the leading figures in founding the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the second major settlement in New England, following Plymouth Colony. Winthrop led the first large wave of immigrants from England in 1630 and served as governor for 12 of the colony’s first 20 years. His writings and vision of the colony as a Puritan “city upon a hill” dominated New England colonial development, influencing the governments and religions of neighboring colonies.
Arbella or Arabella was the flagship of the Winthrop Fleet on which GovernorJohn Winthrop, other members of the Company (including Dr. William Gager), andPuritan emigrants transported themselves and the Charter of the Massachusetts Bay Company from England to Salem between April 8 and June 12, 1630, thereby giving legal birth to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. During this adventure, the ship is said to have carried three times as much alcohol as water. The charter recorded around 10,000 gallons of wine on board for the personal supply of the crew and its passengers, and they had consumed almost all of it in six weeks time.John Winthrop is reputed to have given the famous “A Model of Christian Charity” sermon aboard the ship. Also on board was Anne Bradstreet, the first European female poet to be published from the New World, and her family.
The ship was first known as Eagle, but her name was changed in honor of Lady Arabella Johnson, who was a member of Winthrop’s company along with her husband Isaac. Lady Arabella was the daughter of Thomas Clinton, 3rd Earl of Lincoln.