What European country was host to the first hot air balloon flight in 1783?
The year 1783 marked the first hot air balloon flight, carrying a sheep, a rooster and a duck over the French royal palace of Versailles. In the same year, France also hosted the first manned balloon journey, carrying a scientist and an aristocrat through the air for about 20 minutes. Source: Mental Floss, Ballooning Canterbury
The modern era of flight lifted off in 1783 when two brothers demonstrated their invention, the hot-air balloon, before a crowd of dignitaries in Annonay, France. Joseph-Michael and Jacques-Ètienne Montgolfier, prosperous paper manufacturers (a high-tech industry at the time), began experimenting with lighter-than-air devices after observing that heated air flowing directed into a paper or fabric bag made the bag rise. After several successful tests, they decided to make a public demonstration.