What happened to the 56 [fifty six] men who signed the Declaration of Independence? – 2017

What Happened to the Signers of the Declaration of Independence?

0:00 Americans the how and the why of our
0:08 beloved Republic are so much better
0:11 known and understood then the who the
0:14 united states of america was born in
0:16 1776 but it was conceived a hundred and
0:19 sixty-nine years before that the
0:21 earliest settlers had water the new
0:23 world with much sweat they had built
0:26 substantial holdings for themselves for
0:28 their families and when the time came to
0:30 separate themselves from a tyranny an
0:32 ocean away at best it meant starting all
0:35 over again after the ravages of war
0:37 researching what you’re about to hear
0:41 gave a whole new dimension to my
0:44 reverence for our nation’s first
0:46 citizens all others of the world’s
0:50 revolutions before and since were
0:53 initiated by men who had nothing to lose
0:54 nothing to lose our founders had
0:59 everything to lose and nothing to gain
1:02 except one thing
1:06 hello American time Paul Harvey you
1:20 remember the cherry tree fiction a long
1:22 time after you have forgotten them over
1:24 shaking history-making episodes in the
1:26 life of George Washington you have
1:28 misplaced in your memory the details of
1:30 Ben Franklin’s statesmanship but you
1:32 remember his flying a kite Joyce Kilmer
1:35 was a great military hero but the only
1:38 thing you personally recall about him is
1:41 his poetic tribute to trees maybe of
1:44 this current decade that which will be
1:46 remembered best will not be its Wars and
1:48 its moon rockets or its crumbling
1:50 frontiers or the Giants who lived and
1:52 died maybe all it’ll survive to linger
1:54 in the day-by-day vocabulary of
1:56 generations yet unborn maybe the the
2:00 songs of a Memphis menstrual or the
2:03 reincarnation of electric automobiles
2:06 but for any eve of the fourth of July I
2:12 Paul Harvey do here with bequeath unto
2:14 you something to remember you may not be
2:18 able to quote one line from the
2:20 declaration of independence at this
2:21 moment
2:22 henceforth you’ll always be able to
2:25 quote at least one line in the last
2:28 paragraph where you will recall when I
2:30 remind you it says we mutually pledge to
2:32 each other Our Lives our Fortunes and
2:35 our sacred honor
2:38 in the Pennsylvania State House it’s now
2:40 called Independence Hall in Philadelphia
2:41 the best men from each of the colonies
2:45 sat down together
2:46 this was a very fortunate our in our
2:48 nation’s history one of those rare
2:50 occasions in the lives of men we had
2:52 greatness to spare these were men of
2:53 means well-educated 24 were lawyers and
2:57 jurists nine were farmers owners of
3:00 large plantations on jun 11 committee
3:03 sat down to draw the Declaration of
3:05 Independence we’re going to tell the
3:06 British fatherland no more ruled by
3:08 Redcoats below the dam ab ruthless
3:10 foreign ruler stream of freedom was
3:13 running shallow and muddy and we’re
3:15 going to like a fuse to dynamite that
3:17 Dan this packed as Burke later put it
3:21 was a partnership between the living and
3:23 the dead and the yet unborn
3:27 there was no bigotry there was no
3:28 demagoguery in this group all had shared
3:31 hardships Jefferson finished a draft of
3:35 the document in 17 days congress adopted
3:38 it in July and so much as familiar
3:39 history but now King George third had
3:42 denounced all rebels in America as
3:45 traders punishment for treason was
3:47 hanging the names now so familiar to you
3:52 from the several signatures on that
3:54 declaration of independence the names
3:57 were kept secret for six months for each
4:01 new the full meaning of that magnificent
4:05 last paragraph in which his signature
4:08 pledged his life his fortune and his
4:11 sacred honor 56 men place their names
4:16 beneath that ledge 56 men knew when they
4:20 signed that they were risking everything
4:23 they knew if they won this fight the
4:26 best they could expect with three years
4:28 of hardship and a struggling nation and
4:30 if they lost they face a hangman’s rope
4:33 but they signed the pledge and here is
4:38 the documented fate of the gallant 56
4:43 Carter fraction of Virginia wealthy
4:45 planter trader saw his ship swept from
4:48 the Seas to pay his debts he lost his
4:51 home and all of his properties and died
4:53 in rags Thomas Lynch Jr who signed that
4:57 pledge was a third-generation rice
4:59 growers aristocrat large plantation
5:01 owner after he signed his health failed
5:04 his wife and he set out for France to
5:08 regain his failing health their ship
5:10 never got to France was never heard from
5:11 again
5:12 Thomas McKean of Delaware were so Harris
5:16 by the enemy they was forced to move his
5:18 family 5 times in 5 months he served in
5:21 Congress without pay his family in
5:23 poverty and in hiding
5:26 vandals looted the properties of Valerie
5:28 and climber hall and we met and walton
5:31 and Hayward Rutledge in middleton thomas
5:34 nelson jr Virginia raised at two million
5:37 dollars on his own signature to
5:39 provision our allies the French fleet
5:41 after the war he personally paid back
5:44 the loans wiped out his entire estate
5:46 and he was never reimbursed by his
5:49 government in the final battle for york
5:52 john he Nelson urged General Washington
5:54 to fire on his Nelson’s own home which
5:57 was occupied by Cornwallis it was
5:59 destroyed
6:00 thomas nelson jr had pledged his life
6:03 his fortune and his sacred honor the
6:09 Haitians sees the home of Francis
6:11 Hopkinson of New Jersey francis Lewis
6:15 had his home and everything destroyed
6:17 his wife imprisoned she died within a
6:19 few months
6:20 Richard Stockton who signed that
6:22 declaration was captured mistreated his
6:26 health broken to the extent that he died
6:28 at 51 is a state was pillaged Thomas
6:32 Heywood jr. was captured when Charleston
6:34 fell john hart was driven from his
6:37 wife’s bedside while she was dying
6:40 they’re 13 children fled in all
6:42 directions for their lives his fields
6:44 and grist mill were laid waste for more
6:46 than a year he lived in forests and
6:48 caves and returned home after the war to
6:51 find his wife dead his children gone his
6:53 properties gone
6:54 and he died a few weeks later of
6:56 exhaustion a broken heart
6:59 there was Morris saw his land destroyed
7:01 his family scattered Philip Livingston
7:04 died within a few months from the
7:06 hardships of the war
7:07 John Hancock history remembers best due
7:11 to a quirk of faith rather than anything
7:13 he stood for that grade sweeping
7:15 signature attesting to his vanity towers
7:18 over the others one of the wealthiest
7:20 men in New England and yet he stood
7:23 outside Boston one terrible night of the
7:25 war and he said burn boston though it
7:32 makes John Hancock a bigger if the
7:35 public good requires it
7:37 so he to lived up to the Pledge of the
7:44 56 fewer long to survive five were
7:48 captured by the british and tortured
7:49 before they died 12 had their homes from
7:52 Rhode Island to Charleston sacked looted
7:55 occupied by the enemy or burned too lost
7:58 their sons in the Army one had two sons
8:00 captured 1956 died in the war from its
8:04 hardships or from its more merciful
8:06 bullets
8:07 I don’t know what impression you had had
8:14 the men who met that summer in
8:17 Philadelphia but I think it’s important
8:19 that we remember this about them they
8:21 were not for men they were not wild-eyed
8:25 pirates these were men it means they
8:28 were rich men most of them and had
8:30 enjoyed much ease and luxury in their
8:32 personal living not hungry men certainly
8:37 not terrorists not irresponsible
8:39 malcontents not fanatical incendiaries
8:43 these men were prosperous men wealthy
8:48 landowners they were substantially
8:50 secure in their prosperity they had
8:53 everything to lose but they considered
8:57 Liberty this is as much as I shall say
8:59 that they have learned that Liberty is
9:03 so much more important than security the
9:07 big players their line
9:09 their fortune
9:11 they’re sacred funny
9:13 and they fulfilled their plate they paid
9:17 the price and freedom was born
9:26 [Music]
9:54 [Music]

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