What is believed by most scholars to be the world’s first known town that dates back to 6,500 B.C.?
What is the oldest city in the world?
Differences in opinion can result from different definitions of “city” as well as “continuously inhabited” and historical evidence is often disputed. Several cities listed here (Balkh, Byblos, Aleppo, Damascus, and Jericho) each popularly claim to be “the oldest city in the world”.
When was the Catal HUYUK built?
Only a fraction of the site has been excavated, but it is known to be in continuous occupation from about 6500 to 5700 BC. The population is calculated to number about 5000, living in 1000 houses. Each house in Catal Huyuk has its own oven for the baking of bread.
Çatalhöyük (Turkish pronunciation: [tʃaˈtaɫhøjyk]; also Çatal Höyük and Çatal Hüyük; from Turkish çatal “fork” + höyük “mound”) was a very large Neolithic and Chalcolithic proto-city settlement in southern Anatolia, which existed from approximately 7500 BC to 5700 BC, and flourished around 7000 BC. In July 2012, it was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Which is the oldest city ever known in the world?
The town of Jericho, in Palestine, has traces of habitation going back almost as far as Göbekli Tepe, but nothing on the latter’s scale; around 6800 BC there is evidence of walled fortifications, the earliest known. However, Jericho has been permanently inhabited only since around 3000 BC.
One of the most notable PPNA settlements is Jericho in the Levant region, thought to be the world’s first town (settled around 8500 BCE and fortified around 6800 BCE).
The cradle of civilization is a term referring to locations where, according to current archaeological data, civilization is understood to have emerged. Current thinking is that there was no single “cradle”, but several civilizations that developed independently; with the fertile crescent, Mesopotamia and Egypt, understood to be the earliest.
Other civilizations arose in Asia among cultures situated along large river valleys, notably the Indus River in the Indian Subcontinent and the Yellow River in China. The extent to which there was significant influence between the early civilizations of the Near East and those of East Asia is disputed. Scholars accept that the civilizations of Norte Chico in present-day Peru and that of Mesoamerica emerged independently from those in Eurasia.