What is the most famous design in Rome by the architect credited with introducing High Renaissance style to the city?
St Peter’s Basilica
In art history, High Renaissance is the period denoting the apogee of the visual arts in the Italian Renaissance. … This term was first used in German (Hochrenaissance) in the early nineteenth century, and has its origins in the “High Style” of painting and sculpture described by Johann Joachim Winckelmann.
Johann Joachim Winckelmann (9 December 1717 – 8 June 1768) was a German art historian and archaeologist. He was a pioneering Hellenist who first articulated the difference between Greek, Greco-Roman and Roman art. “The prophet and founding hero of modern archaeology”, Winckelmann was one of the founders of scientific archaeology and first applied the categories of style on a large, systematic basis to the history of art.
Renaissance architecture is the architecture of the period between the early 14th and early 17th centuries in different regions of Europe, demonstrating a conscious revival and development of certain elements of ancient Greek and Roman thought and material culture.
Why is the St Peter’s Basilica important?
The pope is the Bishop of Rome, and although he usually uses St. Peter’s as his main church, because he lives in the Vatican, his bishop’s throne is in a different church, the cathedral of Saint John Lateran. Large important churches like St. Peter’s are often called basilicas.
How long did it take to build St Peter’s Basilica?
There has been a church on this site since the time of the Roman Emperor Constantine the Great. Construction of the present basilica, replacing the Old St. Peter’s Basilica of the 4th century AD, began on 18 April 1506 and was completed on 18 November 1626.
Definition of High Renaissance. : the artistic style of the first half of the 16th century in western Europe especially as manifested in Rome and Florence and characterized by heroic centralized composition, technical mastery of drawing and conception, and a mature humanistic content.
Who painted the St Peter’s Basilica?
Michelangelo and Giacomo della Porta, 1547 and 1585 St. Peter’s Basilica from Castel Sant’Angelo showing the dome rising behind Maderno’s façade.