What was the name of the Allied operation against which German forces launched a counteroffensive in Anzio in 1944?
The Battle of Anzio was a battle of the Italian Campaign of World War II that took place from January 22, 1944, with the Allied amphibious landing known as Operation Shingle to June 5, 1944 with the capture of Rome. The operation was opposed by German forces in the area of Anzio and Nettuno. The operation was initially commanded by Major General John P. Lucas, of the U.S. Army, commanding U.S. VI Corps with the intention being to outflank German forces at the Winter Line and enable an attack on Rome.
Operation Shingle is used as a humorous plot device in Jerry Lewis’ 1970 war comedy Which Way to the Front? when Byers and his team inadvertently blunder into the naval bombardment marking the initial stage of the operation. In the film Red Tails, the Tuskegee Airmen provide air support for the beach landing in Operation Shingle. Swedish heavy metal band Sabaton’s song “To Hell and Back” is inspired by the events of Operation Shingle.