Prior to being formally recognized as a month of observance, two men – historian Carter G. Woodson and author James Baldwin – planted the seeds for what would eventually become Black History Month. Woodson and his organization, the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History, declared the second week of February as “Negro History Week.” Twenty years later, President Gerald Ford issued an executive decree to formally recognize February as Black History Month. Source: Time
Black History Month, also known as African-American History Month in America, is an annual observance in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom for remembrance of important people and events in the history of the African diaspora.
Woodson chose the second week of February for Negro History Week because it marks the birthdays of two men who greatly influenced the black American population, Frederick Douglass and Abraham Lincoln.
It was first celebrated in 1987. The introduction of Black History Month was facilitated by the former Greater London Council. The Council had selected Octoberbecause the month coincided with the Marcus Garvey celebrations and London Jubilee.
February is observed as “Black History Month” in America. Its precursor, “Negro History Week,” was created by Dr. Carter G. Woodson in 1926 and observed on the second week of February. A staunch Republican, Woodson choose that week in that month to honor the birthdays of Frederick Douglass and Abraham Lincoln.