which london sweet maker created the first christmas cracker in 1847?
The inventor of Christmas Crackers was sweet maker, baker and pastry chef Tom Smith in London. He invented them in Victorian England in 1846 and they were first sold by his confectionary company in 1847.
History Of Christmas Crackers
Confectioner Tom Smith got the idea from sugar almond sweets he sold that were wrapped in twisted coloured paper. These were styled on bon bons sweets he had seen in Paris, France. Tom Smith made them more fun by enclosing a motto or romantic message in each confectionary. He named them Kiss Mottos.
The Invention Of The Snap Crack In Christmas Crackers
After the success of his original Xmas crackers he added a snap crack to each cracker as it was opened. Tom Smith got the idea from the sound of a cracking log on his open fire. He used the gunpowder compound saltpetre to ignite by friction the cracker to produce the sound with a chemically impregnated strip of card. He had to make the sweets larger so that the cracking components would fit in. Tom Smith then came upon the idea to replace the original sweet with a surprise gift and increase the size of the wrapper. He called his cracker a cosaque because the bang or cracking sound reminded him of the sound of a Cossack whip.
The Addition Of Paper Hats, Jokes And Novelties To Christmas Crackers
His product grew in popularity and soon became known as a Christmas cracker rather than cosaques. He opened a factory to increase production. His company grew and continued to manufacture Christmas crackers until 1953 when they merged with the company Caley Crackers.
Cracker manufacturers also made large displays, such as horse drawn carriages and sleighs, for the big shops in London.
Christmas crackers are a traditional Christmas favorite in the UK. They were first made in about 1845-1850 by a London sweet maker called Tom Smith. He had seen the French ‘bon bon’ sweets (almonds wrapped in pretty paper). He came back to London and tried selling sweets like that in England and also included a small motto or riddle in with the sweet. But they didn’t sell very well.