After centuries of being passed between Genoa, France and Sardinia what European country was finally granted sovereignty in 1861?
Monaco is a tiny independent city-state on France’s Mediterranean coastline known for its upscale casinos, yacht-lined harbor and prestigious Grand Prix motor race, which runs through Monaco’s streets once a year. Monte-Carlo, its major district, is home to an elegant belle-époque casino complex and ornate Salle Garnier opera house. It also has many luxe hotels, boutiques, nightclubs and restaurants.
However, the Principality was re-established as a protectorate of the Kingdom of Sardinia by the Congress of Vienna in 1815. To draw in residents from Genoa and other surrounding cities, the Ghibellines offered land grants and tax exemptions to newcomers.Louis XII confirmed Monaco’s independence, establishing an alliance between the Princes of Monaco and the King of France.