Whose firing led to the impeachment of President Andrew Johnson?
Edwin M. Stanton
Answer: The impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson began in the U.S. Senate on this day in 1868. The primary charge against Johnson was the violation of the Tenure of Office Act, passed by Congress the previous year. Specifically, he had removed Edwin McMasters Stanton, the Secretary of War (whom the Tenure of Office Act was largely designed to protect), from office and attempted to replace him with Brevet Major General Lorenzo Thomas. This was the first impeachment of an incumbent President since creation of the office in 1789.
Edwin McMasters Stanton was an American lawyer and politician who served as Secretary of War under the Lincoln Administration during most of the American Civil War.
Born: 19 December 1814, Steubenville, Ohio, United States
Died: 24 December 1869, Washington, D.C., United States
Education: Kenyon College
Spouse: Ellen Stanton (m. 1856–1869), Mary Stanton (m. 1836–1844)
Children: Edwin Lamson, Lucy Lamson
Political parties: Republican Party (1862–1869), Democratic Party (?–1862)