Good morning, Whitewater.
Wednesday in town will be partly cloudy with a high of fifty-seven. Sunrise is 6:40 AM and sunset is 4:36 PM, for 9h 55m 41s of daytime. The moon is a waxing gibbous with 67.3% of its visible disk illuminated.
On this day in 1938, the Night of Broken Glass sweeps Germany:
Kristallnacht (German pronunciation: … English: “Crystal Night”) or Reichskristallnacht …, also referred to as the Night of Broken Glass, Reichspogromnacht … or simply Pogromnacht …] ( listen), and Novemberpogrome … ( listen), was a pogrom against Jews throughout Nazi Germany on 9–10 November 1938, carried out by SA paramilitary forces and German civilians. German authorities looked on without intervening. The name Kristallnacht comes from the shards of broken glass that littered the streets after Jewish-owned stores, buildings, and synagogues had their windows smashed.
Estimates of the number of fatalities caused by the pogrom have varied. Early reporting estimated that 91 Jewish people were murdered during the attacks. Modern analysis of German scholarly sources by historians such as Richard J. Evans puts the number much higher. When deaths from post-arrest maltreatment and subsequent suicides are included, the death toll climbs into the hundreds. Additionally, 30,000 were arrested and incarcerated in Nazi concentration camps.
Jewish homes, hospitals, and schools were ransacked, as the attackers demolished buildings with sledgehammers. Over 1,000 synagogues were burned (95 in Vienna alone) and over 7,000 Jewish businesses destroyed or damaged. Martin Gilbert writes that no event in the history of German Jews between 1933 and 1945 was so widely reported as it was happening, and the accounts from the foreign journalists working in Germany sent shock waves around the world. The Times wrote at the time: “No foreign propagandist bent upon blackening Germany before the world could outdo the tale of burnings and beatings, of blackguardly assaults on defenseless and innocent people, which disgraced that country yesterday.”
On this day in 1968, an earthquake shakes Wisconsin:
On this date one of the strongest earthquakes in the central United States occurred in south-central Illinois. Measured at a magnitude of 5.3, press reports from LaCrosse, Milwaukee, Port Washington, Portage, Prairie Du Chien, and Sheboygan indicated that the shock was felt in these cities. [Source: United States Geological Survey]
JigZone‘s puzzle for Wednesday is of trees by a lake: