Daily Bread for 7.28.15 – 2017

Good morning, Whitewater.

Tuesday in Whitewater will be mostly sunny with a high of eighty-nine. Sunrise is 5:42 and sunset 8:19, for 14h 37m 00s of daytime. The moon is a waxing gibbous with 88.9% of its visible disk illuminated.

Whitewater’s Urban Forestry Commission meets at 4:30 PM today, and the city’s Police and Fire Commission at 6:30 PM.

On this day in 1868, the Fourteenth Amendment is adopted, with three-quarters of the states having ratified it:

Following its ratification by the necessary three-quarters of U.S. states, the 14th Amendment, guaranteeing to African Americans citizenship and all its privileges, is officially adopted into the U.S. Constitution.

Two years after the Civil War, the Reconstruction Acts of 1867 divided the South into five military districts, where new state governments, based on universal manhood suffrage, were to be established. Thus began the period known as Radical Reconstruction, which saw the 14th Amendment, which had been passed by Congress in 1866, ratified in July 1868. The amendment resolved pre-Civil War questions of African American citizenship by stating that “all persons born or naturalized in the United States…are citizens of the United States and of the state in which they reside.” The amendment then reaffirmed the privileges and rights of all citizens, and granted all these citizens the “equal protection of the laws.”

On this day in 1934, a planned community descended into violence:

1934 – Two killed, 40 hurt in Kohler riot; National Guard occupies town
On this day, the “model industrial village” of Kohler became an armed camp of National Guard cavalrymen after deadly strike-related rioting. The July 27th violence, which killed two Sheboygan men and injured 40 others, prompted the summoning of 250 Guardsmen to join the 200 special deputy village marshals already present. After striking workers became agitated and began to destroy company property, deputies turned to tear gas, rifles, and shotguns to quell the stone-throwing crowd, resulting in the deaths and injuries. Owner Walter Kohler blamed Communists and outside agitators for the violence, while union leaders blamed Kohler exclusively. Workers at the Kohler plant were demanding better hours, higher wages, and recognition of the American Federation of Labor as their collective bargaining agent. Not settled until 1941, the strike marked the beginning of what was to become a prolonged struggle between the Kohler Company and organized labor in Wisconsin; a second Kohler strike lasted from 1954 to 1965. [Source: Capital Times 7/28/1934, p.1]

Here’s the Tuesday game from Puzzability in this week’s Showstoppers series:

This Week’s Game — July 27-31
Showstoppers
It’s curtains for us this week. For each day, we started with the title of a Broadway musical’s Act I closing number and replaced all the letters in each word—except the last letter—with asterisks. The name of the musical is presented the same way in parentheses.
Example:
******G ******Y (*****D)
Answer:
“Defying Gravity” (Wicked)
What to Submit:
Submit the song title and the musical’s title (as “Defying Gravity (Wicked)” in the example) for your answer.
Tuesday, July 28
*******R ***A ****S, ***A ***S (***N ******S)

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