What is measured using a sphygmomanometer?
Answer: A sphygmomanometer is a device used to measure blood pressure, composed of an inflatable cuff to collapse and then release the artery under the cuff in a controlled manner, and a mercury or mechanical manometer to measure the pressure. Samuel Siegfried Karl Ritter von Basch invented the sphygmomanometer in 1881. The device’s name is derived from the Greek word “sphygmos,” which means “pulse,” and the scientific term “manometer,” which refers to a means of measuring pressure.
What does your blood pressure reading mean?
For example, 120/80. The top number refers to the amount of pressure in your arteries during contraction of your heart muscle. This is called systolic pressure. The bottom number refers to your blood pressure when your heart muscle is between beats. This is called diastolic pressure.
Is my blood pressure good?
More than 120 over 80 and less than 140 over 90 (120/80-140/90): You have a normal blood pressure reading but it is a little higher than it should be, and you should try to lower it. Make healthy changes to your lifestyle.