What mountainous Asian nation is the only country in the world with a flag that is not square or rectangular?
– North Korea
Answer: Nepal is the only nation in the world with a flag that is not a rectangle or square. The flag is a simplified combination of two single pennants. Its crimson red is the color of the rhododendron, the country’s national flower. The blue border is the color of peace. Until 1962, the flag’s emblems, the sun and the crescent moon, had human faces. They were removed to modernize the flag. The small country contains eight of the 10 highest peaks in the world, including Mount Everest and Kanchenjunga — the world’s tallest and third tallest respectively.
Nepal, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked central Himalayan country in South Asia.
Currency: Nepalese rupee
Prime minister: Sher Bahadur Deuba
President: Bidhya Devi Bhandari
Nepal is the only country in the modern world that does not have a rectangular national flag. It is crimson with blue borders and incorporates stylized symbols of the sun and moon. Hundreds of independent states existed on the Indian subcontinent prior to the period of British control there in the 17th–19th centuries. Many of these countries, including Nepal, had state flags of their own, their symbols usually representing the ruling dynasty. Frequently, the flag designs, shapes, and colours were (by European standards) unusual.
Most of those flags disappeared as the British extended their control; the remainder lost international validity with the establishment of independent India in 1947. Nepal has remained a separate, sovereign kingdom and proudly flies its traditional flag, whose basic design dates back for centuries.
The background colour is crimson, the border a dark blue—both popular colours in Nepalese art and decoration. In the upper segment is a white moon emitting eight rays, with a crescent attached below; in the bottom segment appears a white, stylized sun with 12 rays. These two symbols are associated with different dynasties and also express the hope that the country may have the same longevity as the sun and moon. Originally, there were facial features represented in red on both the sun and moon. The present flag, which omits those features, was established under the new constitution of December 16, 1962. The same symbols appear on the dozens of different civil and military flags used by Nepalese officials.