What was the name of the ship in which Charles Darwin, the naturalist, sailed around the world?
– HMS Beagle
– HMS Victory
– HMS Bounty
– HMS Seagull
Answer: On this day in 1831, British naturalist Charles Darwin sets out from Plymouth, England, aboard the HMS Beagle on a five-year surveying expedition of the southern Atlantic and Pacific oceans. Visiting such diverse places as the Galapagos Islands and New Zealand, Darwin acquired an intimate knowledge of the flora, fauna, and geology of many lands. This information proved invaluable in the development of his theory of evolution, first put forth in his groundbreaking scientific work of 1859, On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection.
HMS Beagle was a Cherokee-class 10-gun brig-sloop of the Royal Navy, one of more than 100 ships of this class. The vessel, constructed at a cost of £7,803, was launched on 11 May 1820 from the Woolwich Dockyard on the River Thames. Wikipedia
Length: 28 m
Construction started: June 1818
Sail plan: Brig (barque from 1825)
Ordered: 16 February 1817
Fate: Sold and broken up 1870
Captains: Robert FitzRoy, Phillip Parker King, Pringle Stokes, John Lort Stokes, John Clements Wickham