Who discovered the ancient Inca city of Machu Picchu?
-Henry Walton Jones, Jr.
-Alfred V. Kidder
Machu Picchu was once a royal estate or sacred religious site to the leaders of the Incas. These indigenous South American people saw their vast civilization all but wiped out after the arrival of Spanish invaders in the 16th century. The existence of this magnificent monument to the Inca civilization was a closely held secret among locals in the area for hundred of years. American archaeologist Hiram Bingham accidentally stumbled across Machu Picchu in 1911. Source: History.com
Machu Picchu is an Incan citadel set high in the Andes Mountains in Peru, above the Urubamba River valley. Built in the 15th century and later abandoned, it’s renowned for its sophisticated dry-stone walls that fuse huge blocks without the use of mortar, intriguing buildings that play on astronomical alignments and panoramic views. Its exact former use remains a mystery.
Elevation: 2,430 m
Founded: c. 1450
State Party: Peru
Did you know: The accepted history that Bingham was the first outsider to lay eyes on Machu Picchu has been challenged and several alternative candidates have been put forward. wanderlust.co.uk