What is believed by most scholars to be the world’s first known town that dates back to 6,500 B.C.?
Answer: The initial cities which meet both Chandler’s and Wirth’s descriptions of a city formed in the area identified as Mesopotamia between 4500 and 3100 BCE.
The city of Uruk, today regarded the oldest in the world, was first established in c. 4500 BCE and walled cities, for protection, were popular by 2900 BCE throughout the region.
The city of Eridu, close to Uruk, was thought the first city in the world by the Sumerians while other cities that lay claim to the title of the first city are Byblos, Jericho, Damascus, Aleppo, Jerusalem, Sidon, Luoyang, Athens, Argos, and Varasani.